Remember the old French maxim which hold true to this day : 'hands without legs, legs without hands'. This should be re-embraced as an important ideal that allows optimal learning and eliminates the potential for confusion for all equitation disciplines. An opportunity you don't want to miss.
Suitable for all ages, Manuela specialises in dressage, various problem behaviours such as tension, 'laziness' and crookedness, competition test riding performance, and general improvement to responsiveness, impulsion and suppleness. Please contact Nicki to secure your spot - nicki kersbrookequestrian. There are many different choices when it comes to bits, and the selection can be overwhelming. In this video, Dr Andrew Mclean discusses the different bit characteristics and gives advice on how to choose the best bit for your horse.
In re-training, when the horse turns or spins away from the obstacle, it must immediately be prevented from continuing or forming a circle. The rider must instantly apply the opposite turning rein and bring the shoulders back onto line, then apply the 'go' signal until the horse goes forward. Even if the horse steps through the collapsible obstacle, next time it will pick up its feet and jump the jumps for re-tra If the horse's training is correct with respect to all its basic responses, and jumping training is progressive, it will not learn to turn away or refuse. Therefore maintaining the horse at the obstacle when it has refused is in the realm of retraining, and only experienced jumping riders should attempt to do this.
The horse should, ideally, never learn to turn away run out from an obstacle, but should instead step over it from walk or halt. Refusals are the result of slowing or quickening problems in a horse's jumping response. Retraining rhythm is the solution to this problem. The common practice of punishing the horse at the base of the fence when it has refused, then turning it away, is only marginally effective. Because the application of the whip is not immediately followed by a forward step or jump, but by a turn away, it simply reinforces turning away it is also a practice that should be abandoned due to the ethical concerns, like all other firms of punishment.
The application of the whip may result in a jump effort in the short term, but the jump will be an expression of flight response rather than a trained forward response. Horses can be trained to be what jumping riders term "honest" as easily as they can be taught to be habitual refusers. It is important to view jumping disobediences as failures of 'go' and 'stop', and address these deficiencies before attempting any retraining. It covers so much, biomechanics, ethics, welfare, as well as training methods, that you come out of the end of it feeling as if you have truly learnt something. I would highly recommend it and I'm sure it will do the rounds at the stables before I can read it again.
One to keep on the bo It incorporates learning theory into ethical equine training frameworks suitable for riders of any level and for all types of equestrian activity. We don't think so! Learned helplessness is a state in which an animal has learned not to respond to pressure or pain. It arises from prolonged exposure to environments or aversive situations that deny the possibility of avoidance or control. It may occur from inappropriate application of negative reinforcement or positive punishment, which results in the horse being unable to obtain relief from or avoid the aversive stimuli.
If this continues ove Although many horsepeople assume that the loss of sensitivity in horses with "hard mouth" an impaired response to cues from the reins and "dead sides" an impaired response to cues from the rider's legs is the result of accumulated scar tissue, it is more likely to reflect learned dullness. Just where this dullness emerges on the continuum that terminates in learned helplessness is not clear.
Learned helplessness would show up only after the failure of active coping mechanisms, such as bucking and hyper-reactivity. Established learned helplessness may compromise horse welfare since an animal in this state has suffered a critical loss of control of its environment. New research has found that introducing the bit to a young horse for the first time can be a stressful process for them.
However, this stress could be difficult for most people to identify, as the horse may not show visible stress behaviours. Accuracy when turning down the centre line sets you up for a good halt, and is an easy way to achieve marks. In this week's video, Manuela McLean reveals her tips and tricks to excel in riding the centre line every time. But are the costs — financial, environmental and otherwise — worth the benefits? But they also encourage employees to misbehave.
It could help eliminate hunger and disease; it could also lead to the sort of dystopia we used to only read about in sci-fi novels. But today the U. Atul Gawande — cancer surgeon, public-health researcher, and best-selling author — has some simple ideas for treating a painfully complex system. The good news: all the important stuff can fit on one index card. So why are we willing to pay big fees for subpar investment returns? Enter the low-cost index fund.
The revolution will not be monetized. Because the Year of the Dragon, according to Chinese folk belief, confers power, fortune, and more. Rebroadcast The gist: in our collective zeal to reform schools and close the achievement gap, we may have lost sight of where most learning really happens — at home.
Also: what happens when you no longer have a corner office to go to — and how will you spend all that money? Research shows that female executives are more likely to be put in charge of firms that are already in crisis. Are they being set up to fail? Or that consumer preferences changed. Or that new technologies have blown apart your business model.
The gig economy offers the ultimate flexibility to set your own hours. She also had a portfolio full of junk food just as the world decided that junk food is borderline toxic. Jack Welch blew the roof off a factory. Carol Bartz was a Wisconsin farm girl who got into computers. No two C. How the leaders of Facebook, G. Actually Do? What makes a good C. She is also one of just 15 Democratic governors in the country. Would there be more of them if there were more like her?
Rebroadcast Most of us feel we face more headwinds and obstacles than everyone else — which breeds resentment. We also undervalue the tailwinds that help us — which leaves us ungrateful and unhappy. How can we avoid this trap? In the U. What can we do to fix it? Christine Lagarde, who runs the institution, would like to prevent those crises from ever happening. She tells us her plans. The public has almost no chance to buy good tickets to the best events. Ticket brokers, meanwhile, make huge profits on the secondary markets.
Economists have a hard time explaining why productivity growth has been shrinking.
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One theory: true innovation has gotten much harder — and much more expensive. So what should we do next? But we do love to play the lottery. So what if you combine the two, creating a new kind of savings account with a lottery payout? They are the most-trusted profession in America and with good reason. They are critical to patient outcomes especially in primary care. Could the growing army of nurse practitioners be an answer to the doctor shortage? Corporations and rich people donate billions to their favorite think tanks and foundations.
Should we be grateful for their generosity — or suspicious of their motives? But to truly prove the value of a new idea, you have to unleash it to the masses. The good news: it can be treated by quitting gluten. The weird news: millions of people without celiac disease have quit gluten — which may be a big mistake. Smart government policies, good industrial relations, and high-end products have helped German manufacturing beat back the threats of globalization. What to do? And he thinks the Trump Administration is wrong on just about everything. A language invented in the 19th century, and meant to be universal, it never really caught on.
So why does a group of Esperantists from around the world gather once a year to celebrate their bond? Earth 2. The search for a common language goes back millennia, but so much still gets lost in translation. Will technology finally solve that? What are the costs — and benefits — of our modern-day Tower of Babel? But after a new study came out linking football to brain damage, he abruptly retired. How can that be?
Our third and final episode in this series offers some encouraging answers. On the other hand, sometimes the only thing worse than being excluded from a drug trial is being included. In the first episode of a three-part series, we look at the grotesque mistakes produced by centuries of trial-and-error, and ask whether the new era of evidence-based medicine is the solution.
Rebroadcast Standing in line represents a particularly sloppy — and frustrating — way for supply and demand to meet. Is it possible that we secretly enjoy waiting in line? And might it even be gulp good for us? The human foot is an evolutionary masterpiece, far more functional than we give it credit for. Surely the fracking boom reversed that trend, right? Part 2 Charles Koch, the mega-billionaire CEO of Koch Industries and half of the infamous political machine, sees himself as a classical liberal.
So why do most Democrats hate him so much? In a rare series of interviews, he explains his political awakening, his management philosophy and why he supports legislation that goes against his self-interest. Part 1 Charles Koch, the mega-billionaire CEO of Koch Industries and half of the infamous political machine, sees himself as a classical liberal.
Nearly two percent of America is grassy green. A series of academic studies suggest that the wealthy are, to put it bluntly, selfish jerks. A trio of economists set out to test the theory. Seth Stephens-Davidowitz has spent years parsing the data. His conclusion: our online searches are the reflection of our true selves. In the real world, everybody lies. Rebroadcast A kitchen wizard and a nutrition detective talk about the perfect hamburger, getting the most out of garlic, and why you should use vodka in just about everything.
We hear from a regulatory advocate, an evidence-based skeptic, a former FDA commissioner — and the organizers of Milktoberfest. We start with — what else? The biggest problem with humanity is humans themselves. Too often, we make choices — what we eat, how we spend our money and time — that undermine our well-being. An all-star team of academic researchers thinks it has the solution: perfecting the science of behavior change. Will it work? By night, they repurpose those tricks to improve their personal lives. They want to help you do the same. But has creative destruction become too destructive?
Most of us feel we face more headwinds and obstacles than everyone else — which breeds resentment. Does that lead to kids hogging the best games — and parents starting those infamous YouTube brawls? But almost none of those dollars stay in America. What would it take to bring those jobs back — and would it be worth it?
Big Coal What happens when a public-health researcher deep in coal country argues that mountaintop mining endangers the entire community? No big surprise there. For years, economists promised that global free trade would be mostly win-win. Just a few decades ago, more than 90 percent of year-olds earned more than their parents had earned at the same age.
What happened — and what can be done about it? And what if deliberate practice is the secret to excellence? Those are the claims of the research psychologist Anders Ericsson, who has been studying the science of expertise for decades. So what happens if you eliminate tipping, raise menu prices, and redistribute the wealth? New York restaurant maverick Danny Meyer is about to find out.
How to avoid it? The first step is to admit just how fallible we all are. But after a series of early victories — and a helpful executive order from President Obama — they are well on their way. One recent MRI study sheds some light, finding that a certain kind of storytelling stimulates enormous activity across broad swaths of the brain. The takeaway is obvious: you should be listening to even more podcasts. It facilitates crime, bribery, and tax evasion — and yet some governments including ours are printing more cash than ever.oooalbatros.ru/img/kyfyh-chloroquine-phosphate-vs.php
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Other countries, meanwhile, are ditching cash entirely. Presidency Become a Dictatorship? Sure, we all pay lip service to the Madisonian system of checks and balances. But as one legal scholar argues, presidents have been running roughshod over the system for decades.
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The result? How worried should we be? Yes, robots will probably take your job — but the future will still be pretty great. So what if a patient could forego the standard treatment and get a cash rebate instead? Standing in line represents a particularly sloppy — and frustrating — way for supply and demand to meet. Does this make sense — and is it legal? Which electoral and political ideas should be killed off to make way for a saner system? Overt discrimination in the labor markets may be on the wane, but women are still subtly penalized by all sorts of societal conventions.
How can those penalties be removed without burning down the house? But how much control do we truly have? How many of our decisions are really being made by Google and Facebook and Apple? Could this be what modern politics is supposed to look like? Freakonomics Radio digs through the numbers and finds all kinds of surprises.
Rebroadcast The U. We look at what the data have to say about measuring leadership, and its impact on the economy and the country. Rebroadcast There are all kinds of civics-class answers to that question. But how true are they? There are now dozens of online rivals too. Why are there so many stores selling something we buy so rarely? It was a sign of changing economics — and that other impossible, wonderful events might be lurking just around the corner. Bizarre physical activities? Working less and earning more? And even those jobs may be obliterated by new technologies.
It may finally be time for an idea that economists have promoted for decades: a guaranteed basic income. Critics — including President Obama — say short-term, high-interest loans are predatory, trapping borrowers in a cycle of debt. But some economists see them as a useful financial instrument for people who need them.
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Now all we have to do is teach everyone to sleep better. The only problem, argues the economist Robert Gordon, is that the Second Industrial Revolution was a one-time event. Senator from New Jersey thinks bipartisanship is right around the corner. Is he just an idealistic newbie or does he see a way forward that everyone else has missed? Why on earth should anyone pay good money for something that can be had for free? Here are a few reasons. In any case, what can the pencil teach us about our global interdependence — and the proper role of government in the economy?
The digital age is making pen and paper seem obsolete. But what are we giving up if we give up on handwriting? But a program run out of a Toronto housing project has had great success in turning around kids who were headed for trouble. Rebroadcast If U. So what should be done about it? Almost anyone can launch a boycott, and the media loves to cover them. Also, they tend to be deeply unscientific.
The psychologist Philip Tetlock is finally turning prediction into a science — and now even you could become a superforecaster. If only it were that easy. They have a different view of how those billions of dollars should be spent. The argument for open borders is compelling — and deeply problematic. Probably not.
In our collective zeal to reform schools and close the achievement gap, we may have lost sight of where most learning really happens — at home. On the menu: A kitchen wizard and a nutrition detective talk about the perfect hamburger, getting the most out of garlic, and why you should use vodka in just about everything. Researchers are trying to figure out who gets bored — and why — and what it means for ourselves and the economy.
But should she? As it turns out, she can be pretty adamant in that realm as well.
Suspenders may work better, but the dork factor is too high. How did an organ-squeezing belly tourniquet become part of our everyday wardrobe — and what other suboptimal solutions do we routinely put up with? Could something as simple and cheap as cognitive behavioral therapy do the trick? There are all kinds of civics-class answers to that question. How has Harlan Coben sold 70 million books? But society keeps exacting costs — out-of-pocket and otherwise — long after the prison sentence has been served. But it still might be the biggest gamble in town.
The practice of medicine has been subsumed by the business of medicine. This is great news for healthcare shareholders — and bad news for pretty much everyone else. A lot of the conventional wisdom in medicine is nothing more than hunch or wishful thinking. A new breed of data detectives is hoping to change that. The White House is hosting an anti-terror summit next week. Summits being what they are, we try to offer some useful advice. Does it work? Verbal tic or strategic rejoinder? Rebroadcast Most people blame lack of time for being out of shape. So maybe the solution is to exercise more efficiently.
Rebroadcast Imagine that both substances were undiscovered until today. How would we think about their relative risks? Merge With Mexico? Corporations around the world are consolidating like never before. Welcome to Amexico! A lot! The Norwegian government parleys massive oil wealth into huge subsidies for electric cars. Is that carbon laundering or just pragmatic environmentalism?
And what does it take to succeed? The regulators are happy to comply. Somebody has to pay for it — and that somebody is everybody. Rebroadcast A look at whether spite pays — and if it even exists. Templates and Generic Algorithms. A Specific Example. Generalizing the Element Type.
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